On July 16, 1952, Dr. Graham presented a series of new proposals. Through pakistan, Pakistan would reduce its troops to between 3,000 and 6,000, and India would reduce its troops to 12,000 to 16,000. But state militias on the Indian side and the Gilgit and Northern Scouts on the Pakistani side were not included in these figures. Because Pakistan was hoping for a referendum, it accepted this plan, but India did not accept it, perhaps because the issue of irregular forces was not resolved. Graham revised the figures, so that 6,000 would be the border of the Pakistani armed forces and 18,000 the border for the forces of India. India`s response was to propose to allow the retention of 21,000 troops (including the state militia) on its side, but to leave Pakistan with only a civilian force of 4,000 men. Dr. Graham reported to the Security Council, which adopted a resolution in December 1951 calling on India and Pakistan to agree on a reduction in their troops. The resolution called on Pakistan to reduce its military presence to between 3,000 and 6,000, and called on India to reduce its own troops to between 12,000 and 18,000.

The Security Council asked both countries to consider the test it had proposed on September 4, 1951 for the reduction of Dr. Graham`s troops. Pakistan approved the Security Council resolution, but India gave no reason to reject it. [46] Not only do they embody a solemn international agreement, but they have been repeatedly endorsed by the Council and successive UN representatives. However, India has not been deceived by its illusions about Kashmir`s political nostalgia. Acknowledging that his people would never vote freely on India`s membership, he made up an apology after an apology to thwart a referendum. When the United Nations proposed an arbitration procedure, a reference to the World Court or another method for resolving small demilitarization disputes, India dispossessed them all. After a few years, it abandoned all pretexts to join a referendum by unilaterally announcing its annexation of Kashmir. And on August 5, 2019, India repealed Articles 370 and 35A, in violation of all international agreements. India`s proclamation has never been accepted by the United Nations, which continues to make Kashmir a controversial territory and is subject to Security Council self-determination decisions.

Rej, Abhijnan. 2019. “Modi-fying Kashmir: Unpacking India`s Historic Decision to Revoke Kashmir`s Autonomy” The Diplomat, August 6, 2019. thediplomat.com/2019/08/modi-fying-kashmir-unpacking-indias-historic-decision-to-revoke-kashmirs-autonomy/. After the 1971 Indo-Pakistan War, the two countries signed the Simla Agreement in 1972 setting the line of control in Kashmir. India and Pakistan disagree on UNMOGIP`s mandate in Kashmir because India argued that the UNMOGIP mandate had expired under the Simla Agreement, because it was created specifically to respect the ceasefire in accordance with the Karachi Agreement.