Under Dutch law, a contract is entered into by offer and acceptance: to see acceptance of an offer under Dutch law. In most cases, a contract is not required in writing or in a single document, and the parties do not need to agree on all the details of the contract. Therefore, the date on which a contract is concluded may not always be obvious. (a) one party is free to negotiate a contract and is not responsible for non-agreement with the other party. If it is a contract term that is breached, it results in contractual damages and the party is not in a position to terminate the contract. The general principle is that the damage must be assessed in such a way as to place the party in a position where it would have been in the process of achieving the regularity of the contract. Before starting a business relationship, many transactions begin with a letter of intent, contract managers, appointment sheets or conceptual agreements (“pre-contract document”). These documents are generally used to outline the general conditions or essential principles of a proposed agreement or project and can often be negotiated or drafted regardless of the legal effect and/or mutual legal assistance. But in the event of a dispute, to what extent are these documents legally binding on the parties? It is clear from the above that pre-contract negotiations can play an important role in international arbitration proceedings. However, it is not always easy to follow all pre-contracting projects until litigation occurs, and even if access to documents is obtained (for example, the publication of arbitration documents. B), it is not uncommon for documents to be provided in pieces or without a plan (for example, emails and appendices are not linked to each other. B several identical designs without any data or comparison).

As a result, the task of assembling the past can be laborious and costly. Given their relevance in litigation, it is therefore desirable to maintain a complete record of negotiations, which will often be the case when a lawyer is involved. “I would accept that there may be borderline cases where the boundary between reference to prior communications identifying the “genesis and purpose of the transaction” and invoking such evidence, to show what the parties intended to do with a given provision in a contract, can be difficult to trace.” Moreover, a misleading statement (or an act or even omission) in pre-contract negotiations may constitute misrepresentation – a danger that can be mitigated in part by a clear statement of non-confidence in the Treaty – but not for fraud. If a party is lying or is reckless as to whether a statement is true or not, there is nothing we can do in the agreement to provide protection. Pre-contract statements may unknowingly be part of a legally binding contract, so it is important to understand what can be part of the overall agreement.